趣味双语丨今天是美国的“黑色星期五”,你知道它的由来吗?k in热点新闻-

亲民网_亲近民生网罗天下事!文章导读:【趣味双语丨今天是美国的“黑色星期五”,你知道它的由来吗?k in热点新闻-】来源:天学网教育 当我们收获着“双十一”狂欢购物节的“战利品”时,美国人也迎来了这个被叫做“黑色星期五”的采购日。没错,就是今天——感恩...

来源:天学网教育      

当我们收获着“双十一”狂欢购物节的“战利品”时,美国人也迎来了这个被叫做“黑色星期五”的采购日。没错,就是今天——感恩节的第二天。那么它相对于每个普通的星期五有什么特别之处呢?人们为什么要称之为“黑色星期五”?它究竟有什么来历呢?带着这些疑问,跟小天一起去寻找答案吧!

购物的一天

A Day to Shop

在美国,感恩节后的第一个星期五常被叫作“黑色星期五”,这一天标志着圣诞节和假日购物季的开端,成群结队的顾客会被各大零售商的特价商品所吸引。

Often referred to as Black Friday in the US, the Friday after Thanksgiving marks the start of the Christmas and holiday shopping season, during which crowds of consumers are drawn to retailers offering special deals.

有些人利用这个休息日去探望住在别处的家人或朋友,或者去度假。其他人则在这一天开始圣诞节采购。黑色星期五这一天也流行购买圣诞礼物,很多商店都有特别优惠,有些商品会打折,比如玩具。

Some people use this day to make trips to see family members or friends who live in other areas or to go on vacation. Others use it to start shopping for the Christmas season. Shopping for Christmas presents is also popular on Black Friday. Many stores have special offers and lower their prices on some goods, such as toys.

关于黑色星期五

About Black Friday

根据《牛津英语词典》的记载,自从二十世纪六十年代早期以来,感恩节后的那天就一直被称作“黑色星期五”。

According to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), the day after Thanksgiving has been called Black Friday since at least the early 1960s.

一种说法就是“黑色星期五”这个词源于传统商业记账方式。红笔记录赤字,黑笔记录盈利。很多生意,尤其是小买卖,在圣诞节之前就开始盈利,很多商家希望在感恩节之后这一天就能开始用黑笔记录盈利。

One theory is that the term Black Friday comes from an old way of recording business accounts. Losses were recorded in red ink and profits in black ink. Many businesses, particularly small businesses, started making profits prior to Christmas. Many hoped to start showing a profit, marked in black ink, on the day after Thanksgiving Day.

然而,财务上用黑色代表盈利的这种解释,很可能不是“黑色星期五”一词的真正来源。更为可能的来源是:“黑色星期五”一开始是被用作玩笑话,用来代指感恩节后的那天交通状况会极为糟糕。因为当天有大量狂热的顾客涌入市中心,所以路上的拥堵就成了一年当中最为严重的了。

However, the black ink explanation is probably not the origin of the term. The more likely story is that ‘Black Friday’ started out as a joking reference to how bad the traffic would be on this day. Due to the influx of enthusiastic shoppers into city centers, the congestion was the worst that it would be all year.

《牛津英语词典》早期的引文表明,“黑色星期五”可能是在警察和公交司机当中传播开来的,因为他们无疑是很害怕交通如此堵塞的那一天的。这个词语的使用好像是从宾夕法尼亚的费城开始的,然后就传播到美国的其他地方去了。

Early citations in the OED indicate that the term may have originated among police officers and bus drivers, who no doubt would have dreaded this traffic heavy day. The use of this term seems to have started in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, before spreading to other areas of the country.

其实,不单美国有“黑色星期五”,英国也有。那么英国的“黑色星期五”又是怎样的一天呢?了解一下吧!

“乌眼青星期五”

Black Eye Friday

在英国,圣诞节前最后一个周五被急救服务业戏称为“黑色星期五”。因为办公室圣诞派对大多在这一晚进行,也使之成为了令救护车和警察最忙碌的夜晚。

In the United Kingdom, Black Friday was a historic nickname within the emergency services for the last Friday before Christmas, as this is the most popular night for office Christmas parties, which consequently makes it one of the busiest nights in the year for ambulances and the police.

这个星期五也被称为“乌眼青星期五”,因为在这天中,一些地区的酒吧、酒馆和俱乐部打架斗殴的事件极多。

The Friday is referred to as Black Eye Friday, due to extremely high number of fights that break out in bars, pubs and clubs in some areas.

2013年,也许为了避免与美国11月底的“黑色星期五”购物季混淆,也由于许多英国零售商开始接受这种购物季的说法,人们开始将“黑色星期五”称为“疯狂星期五”。

In 2013, it started to be named Mad Friday, probably to avoid confusion with the American shopping phenomena at the end of November called Black Friday, as this began to be adopted by many UK retailers.

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